Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum was constructed on September 2nd, 1973 and completed on August 29th, 1975. The construction of Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum was carried out very carefully and was contributed to and supported by all Vietnamese people, both domestic and foreign. The mausoleum was at the heart of Ba Dinh Square where President Ho Chi Minh held a lot of important meeting when alive. This square was also the venue where he proclaimed the 3rd Declaration of Independence of Vietnam on September 2nd, 1945.
1. Visiting the inside of Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, Hanoi
From the entrance door close to Ho Chi Minh Museum, you’ll follow the line of people heading to Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum. There is a long lobby along which you will go until you meet Ong Ich Khiem Street. Next, turn left to One Pillar Pagoda. Then, the majestic Ba Dinh Square, as well as the solemn mausoleum of President Ho Chi Minh, will appear in front of your eyes. All you need to do is following the line of people. When you’re inside of Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, remember to follow the direction sign. It’s is a one-way route, hence when going out you will head to another door.
2. Visiting the palace of President Ho Chi Minh
In spite of being called “the Palace of President Ho Chi Minh”, there is only a small, simple stilt house located at the heart of the beautiful garden. President a perfect symbol is a perfect symbol of modesty, simplicity, and integrity. Despite being the leader of a country, President Ho Chi Minh lived and worked in a small, simple house and among the beauty of nature. He not only being wholehearted for his country and the labor all over the world but also loved nature passionately.
Around his stilt house was a pretty garden with a lot of different trees and flower, all of which were thoroughly taken care of by his hands every morning. Now the garden is preserved carefully every day. Walking around the garden will help you release and leave behind all the hustle and bustle of Hanoi. There is also a small pond which is home to hundreds of colorful ornamental fish. In the past, President Ho Chi Minh used to feed the fish in this pond every morning. Walking around the palace of President Ho Chi Minh, you can immerse in the peaceful and cool atmosphere. In addition, you’ll have a golden chance of learning more about the life of President Ho Chi Minh – one of the greatest leaders of both Vietnam and the world.
3. Visiting the Ho Chi Minh Museum, Hanoi
Ho Chi Minh Museum is the magnificent library exhibiting objects and reserving a lot of documents of daily life as well as political activities of President Ho Chi Minh. President Ho Chi Minh is not only the great national hero but also Great Personality of the world. Hence, when visiting Ho Chi Minh Museum, you will have a golden chance of learning more about history, politics, and culture.
Ho Chi Minh Museum is 20 meters high. The total area of this museum is up to 13,000 m2, 4,000 m2 of which is spent on the exhibition. In addition, there is an area of 400 m2 for celebrating professional exhibition together with many other cultural events.
The front hall of 360 m2 is where people place a copper statue of President Ho Chi Minh. When entering the main area of Ho Chi Minh Museum, you can admire two workmanship artworks presenting the tradition of building and protecting country. The exhibition area of the museum shows the priceless documents, historical objects which are about the life, career, and revolution of President Ho Chi Minh. Those objects also show the process of executing the will of President Ho Chi Minh. There is also a model of the house of the family and home village of President Ho Chi Minh.
4. Visiting One Pillar Pagoda, Hanoi Vietnam
After visiting Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, you should spend time visiting some nearby places and experience many interesting things to do in Hanoi. One Pillar Pagoda is one of the most famous historic Buddhist temples in the capital of Vietnam. Also, One Pillar Pagoda together with the Perfume Pagoda is considered the most iconic temples of Vietnam.
According to the remained document, the architecture of this pagoda originated from the period prior to the Ly Dynasty. Located off the base of the old Tay Cam Garden of the Captial Thang Long, One Pillar Pagoda was made of wood. Inside the pagoda is the statue of Avalokiteśvara Bodhisattva. After several renovations, One Pillar Pagoda now comprises a stone lotus-lotus fountain which is 3-meter square. Featuring a curvy line, This fountain is placed on a pillar which is 4 meters high (not mentioned the underwater part) and has the diameter of 1.2 meters. There are two stone columns piled together. At the top of the pillars, there are many wooden bars to hold the above tower.
The lotus fountain has a tile roof which is curved at four opposite corners. Above the fountain is the model of dragon and Phoenix which symbolizes for the power and authority.
5. Visiting the Temple of Literature, Hanoi
Temple of Literature is the most diverse Historical Relics of Hanoi, Vietnam. Temple of Literature was constructed under the time of the King Ly Thanh Tong in order to honor and worship Confucius, sages, and scholar. It’s also the first university located in the South Citadel of Thang Long, Vietnam. Being one of 23 special national relics, Temple of Literature consists of Van Lake (Literature Lake), Constellation of Literature Pavilion, Constellation of Literature pavilion, The Great Middle Gate, The Great Portico, Attained Talent Gate, Accomplished Virtue Gate, Crystallization of Letters Gate, Magnificence of Letters Gate, Well of Heavenly Clarity, and Stele of Doctors.
The highlight of the Temple of Literature, Hanoi is 82 stone turtles made of blue marble. In the backs of those turtles are the styles to honor and encourage the successful bachelors. According to Vietnamese beliefs, the turtle is the symbol of longevity and wisdom. In 2009, 85 stone steles of Temple of Literature were recognized as World Heritage Site by UNESCO